JFK and Lee Harvey Oswald

Oswald's Possessions

by John Armstrong

For years researchers speculated that the FBI played a part in covering up certain areas of the Kennedy assassination. The existence of a November 17th, 1963 memo sent to FBI field offices warning of an attempted Presidential assassination was denied by Hoover. FBI contacts with Oswald prior to the assassination were first denied and later played down. The more they tried to deny contact with Oswald, the more examples of these contacts surfaced. Critics suspected a cover-up but lacked proof.

My presentation relies on government documents and evidence relating to the FBI's handling of Lee Oswald's possessions - obtained by the Dallas Police from his two residences. You will see how the FBI twice obtained these items from the Dallas Police. You will see how evidence was manufactured. manipulated and altered while in custody of the FBI. You will see how these possessions-some original, some manufactured, and some altered-were given to the Warren Commission and later transferred to the National Archives. By the end of this presentation, you will understand the reasons for the alteration and manipulation of this evidence.

The Soviet Union planted a potential spy in the United States at age eleven. Gordon Lonsdale was sent to California to live with his aunt and after five years had learned the English language very well. He returned to the Soviet Union, was trained in espionage and wound up in England, where he spied on British defense secrets. He was discovered, arrested, and convicted in London's Old Bailey Court. He was eventually exchanged for a British agent.

If the KGB can begin creating a spy at age eleven, complete with false identities, it is a certainty that the CIA could do the same. Considerable evidence shows there were two people using the name Lee Harvey Oswald years before the Kennedy assassination. Many people worked with, befriended, served in the Marines, or went to school with Lee Harvey Oswald at times and places that conflict with the official Warren Com mission chronology of his life.

The FBI became aware of multiple "Oswalds" in 1960. Warren Commission member Senator Richard Russell was advised by Army Intelligence Colonel Phillip Corso of two Oswalds in early 1964. Senator Russell recognized the assassination as a conspiracy and stopped attending Warren Commission hearings.

Hours after the assassination, FBI agents were immediately sent out to certain schools that Oswald attended and certain businesses where he had worked to collect all records that pertained to him. The records they collected, if known to the public, could expose Lee Harvey Oswald's dual identify. Public attention would then forever be focused on the intelligence community. Collection and suppression of evidence proving Oswald's dual identity was their top priority.

Immediately after the assassination, items belonging to Lee Oswald were seized by the Dallas Police Department, inventoried, photographed, and turned over to the FBI. The FBI kept all evidence and their original film. They returned to the Dallas Police photographs of less than half of the items in their possession. Chief Curry noticed the missing photographs and requested an explanation. No explanation was forthcoming. With the evidence and photographs, the FBI was free to manipulate, suppress and later any of that evidence that damaging to governmental agencies. By controlling the evidence, and later the investigation, the FBI helped to secrete from the public the truth about the dual identity of Lee Harvey Oswald.

A review of FBI and Dallas Police documents clearly demonstrates the FBI's knowledge of two Oswald's and exposes their attempts to hide this face from the public. A review of Warren Commission records demonstrates certain people within that Commission also had knowledge of Oswald's dual identify.

The implications of this scenario are far reaching and indict elements of the government in the Kennedy assassination and its cover-up both directly and indirectly. This could well be the reason for the past 32 years of cover-up.

The Warren Commission's "Mission Impossible":
How It "Explained the Missing Shot in President Kennedy's Assassination

by Hal Verb

There can be little doubt that of all the conclusions reached by the Warren Commission, perhaps none has received greater attention than the so-called "single-bullet theory" which is, as stated in its final (Warren) report of 1964, that one of the alleged three bullets fired during the Kennedy assassination struck two men (Kennedy and Governor Connally). However, an even greater dilemma for the commission members and its staff (which did virtually all of the work in acquiring evidence) is the rather embarrassing problem of the missed shot which occurred during that fateful November 22,19G3.

As hard as it could try, the Warren Commission did its best to avoid discussion whatsoever surrounding this missed shot which the Commission reluctantly concluded did happen. As this paper will demonstrate, the Commission's arguments (small in contents as they were) put that deliberative body on a collision course with truth: in effect, the Warren Commission's 1960s true-life version of "Mission: Impossible." Indeed, if a television script were to be written then (or even now) of this bizarre episode in American political life, the reality of it would overshadow any fictional account that could be rendered. The disbanding of the Warren Commission and its staff in September 1964 after completing its "mission" makes it look as if it were a blessing or a heavenly respite and the commission members and staff beat a hasty retreat from their "reality" from which they would never recover.

To review briefly what the Warren Commission concluded, let us turn to page 117 of the Warren Report. Alter stating that all shots were fired exclusively from the sixth floor window of the Texas Schoolbook Depository, the report adds: "Two bullets probably caused all the wounds suffered by President Kennedy and Governor Connally. Since the preponderance of the evidence indicated that three shots were fired, the Commission concluded that one shot probably missed the Presidential limousine and its occupants, and that the three shots were fired in a time period ranging from approximately 4.8 to in excess of 7 seconds."

The above conclusions are provided here to place the missed shot scenario in context to be analyzed further. The author of this paper does not support a conclusion which states that only three shots were fired; that all shots came from the sixth floor nor the so-called "single bullet theory." Our focus, instead, is on the missed shot and the timing of that missed shot.

Students of the Kennedy assassination may have forgotten that in the early days of deliberations by the Warren Commission, very serious consideration was being given to a "finding" that would indicate that only two shots were fired and not three. That this was early discarded was due to what the Commission felt was a "preponderance of the evidence" which suggested otherwise. Undoubtedly, this "preponderance" must have included the three shells "found" on the sixth floor and the "consensus" of the witnesses who claimed they heard only three shots.

This is not to say that the missed shot did not enter into the deliberations for it had to if the Commission provided for a finding that a shot "probably" missed. Note here that the Commission also used the same language in describing the "magic bullet" (one bullet through two men) and stated that two bullets "probably" caused "all the wounds suffered" by both Kennedy and Connally. This is tricky language for as we all know one of those two bullets had to be the "magic" one or "single bullet."

Little noticed, perhaps, by many assassination researchers is the fact that when consideration was drawn to a missed shot, the interpretation of what they meant by "missed" is entirely misleading. Assistant Counsel David Belin's memo to General Counsel, J. Lee Rankin (Jan. 30, 1964) makes this perfectly clear as to their meaning of "missed." The memo states in part): "In determining the accuracy of Oswald, we have three major possibilities: Oswald was shooting at Connally and missed two of the three shots, the two misses striking Kennedy; Oswald was shooting at both Kennedy and Connally and all three shots struck their intended targets; Oswald was shooting only at Kennedy and the second missed its intended target and hit Connally instead."

Even though there would be witnesses who would testify after this memorandum date, nevertheless there was enough evidence prior to this memo that a missed shot did exist. Consider the first evidence of a Dallas police department communications dated Nov. 22, 1963 and timed at 12:37 PM which states: "I have one guy that was possibly hit by a ricochet, from a bullet off concrete."

This "one guy" turned out to be James T. Tague, a witness to the assassination who was definitely struck by something during the assassination. The Commission member h,d to know about this "one guy" because contained within the 26 volumes of the Commission' own evidence at least two staff members (Liebeler and Specter) questioned witnesses about a missed shot even when the witnesses they had questioned had not seen a missed shot!

But returning again to the Belin memo of Jan. 30, 194, the "missed shot" interpretation is quite obviously not to Tague at all but a meaning that requires any of the Oswald shooting scenarios proposed to mean an unintended victim for a "missed shot." There can be no doubt that even if Belin was not relying on a December- 1963 FBI report claiming only 3 shots were fired and all three struck a human target! (The FBI report made no mention at all of a missed shot.)

And even as late as April 1964, almost five months after the assassination, two highly significant conferences were held in Washington, DC, to discuss the scenario of the shooting and the thin [sic]. Only the first and second of the alleged three shots were discussed since the third shot (the fatal head shot equivalent to frame number 313 in the Zapruder film was not part of the controversy. The two conferences bored the Tague incident if one follows the memorandum "for the record" by Assistant Counsel Melvin Eisenberg.

Present at these conferences were some of the most instrumental individuals that provided the final (Warren) report which included such men as: Doctors Humes, Boswell, Finck, FBI experts, Redlich, Specter, Belin and Governor and Mrs. Connally. What's important to note here is that Governor Connally (at the April 21, 1964 conference) is reported by Eisenberg as having stated that "he felt the President might have been hit by frame 190 of the Zapruder film." Significantly, if what Connally had to say was correct, it ruled out a first shot missing if an earlier shot could be shown as non-existent! (On this latter point I produced evidence at the 1994 "COPA" conference that the first shot fired in the Kennedy assassination was not a missed shot and, indeed, had struck Kennedy from the front.)

Moreover, Connally's views about Kennedy being hit "by frame 190" were not idle speculation on his part because at that conference he not only was able to view the entire Zapruder film but also study slides which were prepared for the conference.

Prior to the conclusion reached by the Warren Commission (as noted above in paragraph three of this paper), an outline of various categories are summarized (see pages 110 to 117 of the Report). These include the following: (1) the number of shots; (2) the shot that missed; (3) the three shots fired and 4) the time span of the shots. Of these categories the shortest one is that of "the shot that missed," which is a single paragraph consisting of only two sentences totaling to seven lines making this paragraph (and category) one of the shortest in the entire Warren Report. Understandably so, for the "evidence" the Commission offered totally misrepresented this aspect of the case.

As the Warren Report itself states (page 111): "From the initial findings that (a) one shot passed through the President's neck and then probably passed through the Governor's body, (b) a subsequent shot penetrated the President's head, (c) no other shot struck any part of the automobile, and d) three shots were fired, it follows that one shot probably missed the car and its occupants. The evidence is inconclusive as to whether it was the first, second or third shot which missed." (My emphasis.)

This latter sentence within the context of this paper and the evidence provided herein represents a brazen obfuscation by the Commission to avoid the implications of its own theory and/or theories! Why then, one might ask, did the Commission come up with a version of a missed shot even though it is stated above as being "probable"?

The answer lies mostly in the person of James T. Tague, who was a witness and bystander to the assassination and stood near the triple underpass and was slightly wounded on the cheek by an object. As the Warren Report noted (page 116): "In Tague's opinion, it was the second shot (my emphasis) which caused the mark (on the curb), since he thinks he heard the third shot after he was hit in the face."

The Warren Report attempts o refute or belittle the significance of this curb and wounding episode (page 116) by pointing out that the FBI conducted a "scientific examination" of the south curb on Main Street (where the bullet struck) and concluded that the mark "precluded the possibility" of a bullet fired during the assassination. (For more on debunking the FBI "proof," read Harold Weisberg in the "Whitewash" series or even his more recent work, "Case Open"). What is to be essentially noted here for the purposes of this paper are two necessary conclusions: (a) James Tague was definitely struck by an object ~n the assassination; and (b) this event occurred subsequent to a first shot and not at the first shot.

While too long to provide evidence here for both (a) and (b) above, we will list 17 witnesses who can provide support for this evidence.

The following names can be pinpointed for this evidence. There may well be others that I may have overlooked or have not yet stepped forward to indicate what they observed.

Here, then, is a list of those witnesses:

(1) Mrs. Donald 5. Baker; (2) Hugh W. Betzner, Jr.; (3) Harry Cabluck; (4) James A. Chaney; (5) Roger Craig; (6) Bill Decker; (7) Staivis Ellis; (8) J.W. Foster; (9) Clyde Haygood; ( 10) George Hickey; ( l 1 ) Austin Miller;(12)Royce G..Skelton;(13)James T.Tague;(14) William Taylor; 15) Eddy R .("Buddy")Walthers; (16) Linda K. Willis; and (17) Phil Willis.

The above 17 individuals by themselves cannot, obviously, solve the ultimate question of who and hor the assassination was carried out but the evidence provided within. this paper is sufficient to show that of all the scenarios proposed by the Warren Commission, none fit the known facts.

We still do not know how the assassination occurred more than three decades later!

If the single-bullet theory was not truly a theory but became an absolute "necessity," as author and researcher Harold Weisberg has proposed, this "necessity" required the Warren Commission to meet the consequences of that "necessity": avoidance of the missing shot in the Kennedy assassination.

A "Mission: Impossible" --- truly, indeed!

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